MySQL Without a DBA: Running Your Database in AWS

In this guide learn the MySQL usage without a DBA for running your database in Amazon Web Services (AWS) cloud for web applications

By Claudio Pires
Updated on December 5, 2023
MySQL Without a DBA: Running Your Database in AWS

MySQL, a popular open source database, is a common component of web applications. For example, all WordPress websites use MySQL behind the scenes. Managing MySQL can be tricky for those without specialized knowledge of databases. However, it is now possible to run MySQL in the cloud, offloading management and maintenance to a cloud provider like Amazon Web Services (AWS). In this guide learn the MySQL usage without a DBA for running your database in Amazon Web Services (AWS).

By using MySQL on AWS, businesses can focus on application development and other core business tasks rather than managing database infrastructure. The service also offers advanced features such as automated backups, patch management, and failover support, freeing up your team to focus on more strategic initiatives.

Benefits of Using MySQL on AWS 

Ease of Management

AWS provides a simple and intuitive console for managing your MySQL databases. You can easily adjust the computing and storage resources of your database instance without any downtime. Ensuring optimal performance even as your application or business grows.

Moreover, AWS also offers automated backups. Allowing you to recover your databases from any point in time within your specified retention period. You can also perform manual snapshots at any time, giving you more control over your database backups.

High Availability and Reliability

With AWS, your MySQL databases are automatically replicated across multiple zones to ensure fast failover during an outage. This means your data is safe, and your application remains available even if one zone goes down. In this guide learn the MySQL usage without a DBA for running your database in Amazon Web Services (AWS) cloud for web applications.

AWS guarantees a 99.99% uptime, ensuring your databases and applications are always available when you need them. This level of reliability is crucial for businesses that cannot afford any downtime.

Global Reach

MySQL on AWS also offers a global reach, allowing businesses to serve customers all around the world. AWS has data centers in multiple geographic regions. Enabling you to deploy your databases close to your users to reduce latency and improve the overall user experience.

Moreover, AWS also offers easy migration tools. Allowing you to easily move your existing databases to AWS, regardless of where they are located. This makes it easy for businesses to expand their operations globally without worrying about data migration or latency issues.


Last but not least, MySQL on AWS offers superior security features to protect your sensitive data. AWS provides multiple levels of security, including network isolation using Amazon Virtual Private Cloud (VPC), encryption at rest using keys you create and control through AWS Key Management Service (KMS), and encryption in transit with SSL.

AWS also offers integrated identity management features, allowing you to control who has access to your databases. You can set up detailed access controls and monitor all activity using AWS CloudTrail.

MySQL Hosting Options on AWS 

Fully Managed MySQL on Amazon RDS

Amazon RDS, or Amazon Relational Database Service, is a web service that makes it easier to set up, operate, and scale a relational database in the cloud. It provides a fully managed environment for MySQL, freeing you from much of the administrative burden. In this guide learn the MySQL usage without a DBA for running your database in Amazon Web Services (AWS) cloud for web applications.

With this option, AWS handles time-consuming tasks like hardware provisioning, database setup, patching, and backups. It also offers high availability with a multi-AZ deployment model, in which your data is synchronously replicated to a standby instance in a different Availability Zone (AZ).

A fully managed MySQL on Amazon RDS is ideal if you want to focus more on your applications and less on the operational aspects of running a database. It’s also a great choice if you’re looking for an easy way to scale your database, as RDS provides options to scale compute and storage resources with minimal downtime.

Self-Managed MySQL on Amazon EC2

Amazon EC2, or Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud, provides scalable computing capacity in the AWS cloud, allowing developers to build and deploy applications faster. You can use Amazon EC2 to host and run your MySQL databases in a self-managed way.

When you choose to self-manage your MySQL on Amazon EC2, you are responsible for the entire stack, from the operating system down to the database. This means you’ll handle tasks like setting up the database, managing the storage, ensuring availability, and more. While this approach requires more manual effort, it also provides maximum control and flexibility. In this guide learn the MySQL usage without a DBA for running your database in Amazon Web Services (AWS) cloud for web applications.

For instance, if you have a unique setup or specific requirements that aren’t met by managed services, self-managing MySQL on Amazon EC2 can be a great option. It’s also ideal if you have a team with strong database and system management skills, and it suits scenarios where you require full control over the environment for compliance or security reasons.

How to Create and Connect to a MySQL Database with RDS 

Here are the general steps involved in setting up a managed MySQL database with Amazon RDS. 

Step 1: Create a MySQL DB Instance

The first step is to create a MySQL DB instance. This process begins by logging into the AWS Management Console and navigating to the RDS dashboard. From there, you’ll choose Create database and select MySQL as your database engine.

Next, you’ll specify the DB details, including the DB instance identifier, master username, and password. You’ll also configure the DB instance class and storage type according to your needs. Finally, you’ll set the security groups and select the VPC where your DB instance will reside.

That’s it! Amazon will now fire up your managed database instance and you can start working with it. In this guide learn the MySQL usage without a DBA for running your database in Amazon Web Services (AWS) cloud for web applications.

Step 2: Download a SQL Client

Once your DB instance is up and running, you’ll need a SQL client to connect to it. There are numerous SQL clients available, both free and paid. Some popular options include MySQL Workbench, Sequel Pro, and Navicat. Download and install a client of your choice, ensuring it’s compatible with the MySQL version you’re running on your RDS instance.

Step 3: Connect to the MySQL Database

The final step is to connect to your MySQL database. You’ll do this by launching your SQL client and entering the endpoint of your DB instance, along with the master username and password you specified earlier.

If everything is set up correctly, you should now be connected to your MySQL database on Amazon RDS. From here, you can start creating tables, inserting data, running queries, and more—all from the comfort of your SQL client.

In conclusion, MySQL on AWS provides flexible and scalable solutions for hosting your relational databases, whether you prefer a self-managed approach or a fully managed service. By understanding these hosting options and knowing how to create and connect to a MySQL database with RDS, you can leverage the power of AWS to meet your database needs.

Author Bio: Gilad David Maayan

Gilad David blog author David Maayan

Gilad David Maayan is a technology writer who has worked with over 150 technology companies including SAP, Imperva, Samsung NEXT, NetApp and Check Point, producing technical and thought leadership content that elucidates technical solutions for developers and IT leadership. Today he heads Agile SEO, the leading marketing agency in the technology industry.LinkedIn:

Claudio Pires

Claudio Pires is the co-founder of Visualmodo, a renowned company in web development and design. With over 15 years of experience, Claudio has honed his skills in content creation, web development support, and senior web designer. A trilingual expert fluent in English, Portuguese, and Spanish, he brings a global perspective to his work. Beyond his professional endeavors, Claudio is an active YouTuber, sharing his insights and expertise with a broader audience. Based in Brazil, Claudio continues to push the boundaries of web design and digital content, making him a pivotal figure in the industry.